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4 de enero de 2013 | Entrevistas | Víctimas del cambio climático | Conferencia internacional El Salvador | Acaparamiento de tierras | Anti-neoliberalismo | Derechos humanos | Justicia climática y energía | Soberanía Alimentaria
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“The policies of our governments have not really tried to address the structural causes of the food crisis, but on the contrary, they encouraged what is causing even more trouble: the advance of agribusiness and land grabbing”, said activist Karin Nansen, member of the executive committee of Friends of the Earth International.
“Today, the food system is increasingly controlled by a few companies. They control from seeds to what is sold in supermarkets, what reaches our tables”, said Nansen.
“And now these same companies are beginning to control lands. They are the ones who define what to produce, how we do it and how the products are distributed. And these companies are also the ones who decide the prices of food”, she added.
The activist, who is also coordinator at REDES – Friends of the Earth Uruguay, carried out a presentation called “Expansion of agribusiness and land grabbing” at the international conference “Climate change, territories and social movements”, held in San Salvador, from November 5-6, 2012. The activity was organized by Friends of the Earth International through CESTA-Friends of the Earth El Salvador.
Real World Radio covered the conference and is still publishing some of the most relevant presentations and audios. Members of grassroots organizations, communities and different social movements of Central America participated in the event, in addition to hundreds of representatives of Friends of the Earth Groups of the five continents. Over 500 people from 80 countries attended the activities, whose purpose was to socialize knowledge and work experiences in defense of territories, to visibilize the cases of resistance against transnational corporations of the region, also the cases of sovereignty building and survival practices to confront socio environmental conflicts and inappropriate measures promoted by the regional economic forces.
The conference was also organized by multiple social and environmental networks of Central America, especially the Movement of Victims and People Affected by Climate Change and Megaprojects (MOVIAC).
In her presentation, Nansen made reference to the deep food crisis of 2007 and 2008, which took 100 million people in the world to starve. Around 1 billion people are starving today in the planet.
The environmentalist talked about land grabbing to grow soy, tree monoculture plantations for carbon offsetting schemes, among others, and regretted the massive use of agrotoxics by agribusinesss. The expansion of these agribusiness and land grabbing are global phenomena, but they especially affect the global south. It is “terrible” in Latin America and Africa, highlighted Nansen.
However, there are reasons to be optimistic. “The good news is that the food crisis isn´t larger because peasants, indigenous peoples, black communities, family production those who produced food consumed by human beings”, said the activist. Karin Nansen quoted the Erosion, Technology and Concentration Group (ETC Group) who works on global socio economic and environmental issues, related to the new technologies and especially about the impacts of technology on indigenous peoples, rural communities and biodiversity. According to the ETC Group “50 per cent of food is produced by these small production units”, said Nansen. “(…) The good news is that peasant agriculture continues supplying food to the world. That´s why it is essential to defend the permanence of indigenous, black communities, peasant agriculture and fisherfolk in their territories; defending their permanence is what will save us”, she added.
By the end of her presentation, Nansen highlighted that “the resistance space is in those territories where you are, this is why we have to come together in this struggle to defend every piece of territory in this world, (…) it is a struggle for the future of humankind”. “Our peoples continue feeding the world. These businesses want other things, they want to take over our lands. We have to do everything in our power, we have to come together in a joint struggle at international level, to stop them. They shall not pass”, concluded the Uruguayan activist.
Photo: Friends of the Earth International
Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI) ya tiene una delegación en Ginebra, Suiza, para dar muestras a una nueva sesión regular del Consejo de Derechos Humanos de Naciones Unidas (ONU), que va del 6 al 23 de junio, del respaldo popular a las negociaciones del tratado vinculante sobre transnacionales y derechos humanos, que se negocia en ese marco multilateral.
Esta edición de nuestro programa semanal abre con la flamante coordinadora general del COPINH, Berta Zúñiga Cáceres, con quien profundizamos en las luchas de ese movimiento indígena, el caso legal por el asesinato de su madre, Berta, y las principales preocupaciones.
La presión en el marco de Naciones Unidas (ONU) a favor de los principios rectores sobre empresas y derechos humanos es muy grande, reconoció la presidenta de Amigos de la Tierra Internacional (ATI), Karin Nansen. Pero esos principios no funcionan en los hechos y nunca lo harán, aseguró, por su carácter voluntario, que no obliga a las corporaciones a respetarlos.
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